Bharata Natyam is one of eight classical dance traditions of India and
a complex synthesis of the arts, literature, poetry, sculpture and
It evolved and was nurtured within the sacred precincts of the temples
of South India and handed down the ages through an oral and visual
tradition from Guru (teacher) to Shishya (pupil).
It was documented as a performing art in the 19th century by four
brothers, the Tanjore Quartet who were musicians and their compositions
are an integral part of the Bharata Natyam repertoire even today.
The art form was practiced by generations of Devadasi women dedicated to
temples to serve the GOD through dance, performing as part of daily
Today, Bharata Natyam is learnt and practiced by many, both in and
outside India and this classical art form continues to enhance the
aesthetic perception of diverse people and nations.